Speaking of wood, it is considered the most eco-friendly material for building houses as well as larger buildings. Thus, the types of wood that are used to build these constructions are sustainable and safe for the environment. In other words, sustainable wood derives from the forests that are managed in a sustainable manner.
Why is the use of sustainable wood important? Consider the following reasons:
- To stop damaging exotic forests— Since it is now an illegal act to do deforestation, you should stop considering buying furniture that is not sustainable. The fact is, the amazing beauty of the forests in the Amazon lost its charm because they are slowly dying.
- To stop the demolition of habitats— Another destructive consequence is the demolition of habitats in the forests. When the forest is destroyed and deforested, then automatically the habitat there will be killed or they will lose their homes.
- To stop threatening people’s lifestyles— Statistically, around 8% of all the forests in the world are protected against destruction. However, for the rest, they are also threatening the indigenous people’s lifestyles who lived there.
Types of Wood that are Sustainable
So, after knowing all the reasons above, you should not support illegal deforestation. Thus, you should also be more aware of the types of wood you buy for your own utility needs. Sustainable woods are the best ones to look out for. Hence, they will keep producing new wood in the safest forests.
There are certified programs that you can trust to know whether the woods are sustainable or not. These programs and facilities include:
- Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) of Denmark
- Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)
- Sustainable Forestry Initiative Program
- Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
- American Tree Farm System
- Canadian Standards Association
So, timber has been known to be in a group of sustainable types of wood. The downside, however, is not an energy-efficient process and requires a substantial amount of energy for drying. Thus, there are other options to require sustainable wood from other sustainable wood species.
Sustainable Wood Species
In general, there are two types of wood, hardwoods and softwoods. Hardwoods came from large, broadleaf trees, mainly mahogany, teak, cherry, beech and oak trees.
Hardwoods are more expensive, but they are durable, stronger, denser and harder to work with. They usually produce furniture and toys. Softwoods came from coniferous or bearing trees, such as pine, fir, and redwood. They are not as soft as hardwoods, but they are less expensive.
They are mainly made for mass-produced constructions and furniture. In addition, when things are made from sustainable types of wood, they will indeed cost more considering the time, energy, and the amount of money it takes to restore the forests.
In case you need to hear from experts of sustainable wood, you may contact any professionals who offer engineering solutions or work with residential structural engineers you can easily find in Chicago, New York, Washington, or wherever you live. These professionals will know just what you need and will advise any sustainable types of wood you will need for your specific project.
The Common Sustainable Wood Species
There are five of the common sustainable types of wood for you to implement into your project, they include:
Pinewood is considered a softwood from conifers that is more sustainable than other trees and one of the best in construction materials, mainly for furniture. Pine is one of the fast-growing wood species and it’s also classified as one of the replaceable types of wood. Since it grows back fast, it helps the forests regenerate quickly.
Oak trees, they acquire special attention to make them grown in a sustainable manner. Thus, this type of hardwood takes longer to regrow and it is typically used for furniture, cabinets, and floorings.
- North American White ash
This sustainable white ash wood is classified under a hardwood. Its common uses for utility handles, furniture, floors, cabinets, and also sports equipment. Thus, it’s also very durable and lightweight.
Becoming one of the most popular and trendy furniture materials. Hence, the FSC has certified the sustainable mahogany wood comes from various different countries such as South and Central America (Brazil in particular), Africa as well as Asia. Mahogany is commonly used for building materials and also for garden furniture.
Even though it’s not considered a wood species, but it’s been giving a lot of attention lately primarily for hardwood flooring. Surprisingly, it’s one of the best sustainable alternatives to wood. It grows super fast, durable and resilient, as well as adaptable to different regions. It’s also ideal for kitchenware tools (mostly serving utensils, trays, and cutting boards), fences, furniture and many more.
For your information, one difference in their growth between an oak tree and bamboo is that an oak tree will take about a year to grow up to only one foot tall. Whereas, bamboo will grow up to 50 feet tall in only a year and a half.
Again for the most part, when you are using one of these types of wood that are sustainable and eco-friendly, you will need to give these sustainable wood species a better chance to survive and harvest them in the correct manner. Just because they are specifically chosen away from deforestation and destruction, they will do good for you and your project, that you should in return do good for the environment.